By Loretta Greene on July 01, 2020

Category: SBA News and Views

On July 1, 2020, the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) enters into force officially replacing the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).

On July 1, 2020, the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) enters into force, officially replacing the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). USMCA is a ground-breaking achievement for U.S. small businesses, and is the first trade agreement ever to include a full chapter dedicated to small business interests.

Supporting and expanding U.S. small business trade with Mexico and Canada is a top priority for me as the new Associate Administrator for SBA’s Office of International Trade (OIT).  SBA OIT has a team of talented trade finance specialists and finance products to help small businesses involved in international trade to access capital, purchase inventory as a manufacturer or supplier, and expand through trade.  OIT helps ensure small businesses are adequately represented in trade negotiations led by the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative and educates U.S. small businesses on the wide range of federal and state resources that can increase their ability to compete in international trade.

The modernization of trade with Mexico and Canada under USMCA is designed to benefit U.S. small businesses and to ensure more balanced trade. U.S. companies with fewer than 500 employees comprise 65 to 70 percent of all identified U.S. companies trading goods with our closest neighbors, according to the most recent statistics.

Companies selling goods to Mexico and Canada can now achieve expanded export opportunities under the USMCA.   In 2019, U.S. companies sold $292.6 billion in U.S. goods to Canada and $256.5 billion in U.S. goods to Mexico.

As part of USMCA, SBA OIT launched a new international sales information resource, which is part of the to assist small businesses to use USMCA. Both links also connect to pages created by Mexico and Canada.  Small businesses can explore the agreement, learn about the rules, and identify where to direct questions and find resources through these information sharing platforms. Resources include a new Customs and Border Protection’s USMCA Center staffed with experts.

As small businesses use the USMCA, they will find important commitments across the agreement including:

  • The Small and Medium-Sized Enterprise Chapter creates a SME Dialogue to consider small business trade opportunities and challenges across the three countries.  This is an important innovation to ensure U.S. small businesses will continue to be heard and considered.
  • The USMCA Cross-Border Trade in Services Chapter enhances market access.  U.S. small business services can now be provided market access across North America without requirements for a foreign office or foreign representative.
  • The Customs and Trade Facilitation Chapter increases certainty by providing for advance rulings commitments with expanded scope and a free, publicly accessible websites for advance rulings.
  • Furthermore, to decrease unintended trade costs, this Chapter also provides procedures to correct errors.
  • To support small e-commerce sellers shipping with express services, Canada has raised its de minimis level for North American express shipments for the first time in decades, doubling it from $C20 to $C40 for taxes.
  • Canada will also provide for duty free shipments up to $C150.
  • Mexico will continue to provide tax free treatment for shipments up to $US50 and will provide duty free treatment for shipments up to US$117.
  • The Good Regulatory Practices Chapter, a first in a U.S. trade agreement, specifically includes provisions encouraging the Parties to take into consideration the effects on small businesses in the development and implementation of regulations.  The USMCA’s prioritization of small business traders is exciting as it will increase small business friendly ecosystems in North America and facilitate more trade.

SBA is proud to be part of this achievement. We look forward to helping more U.S. small businesses trade with Mexico and Canada, while supporting those already exporting to further expand their sales. To learn more, visit or contact the SBA International Trade Ombudsman Hotline at (855) 722-4877 or with questions.


About the author

Loretta Greene

Loretta Greene

Associate Administrator

Loretta Greene is Associate Administrator for the Office of International Trade.
<p>Loretta Solon Greene is the Associate Administrator for the Office of International Trade (OIT) at the U.S. Small Business Administration. &nbsp;In this role, Greene works to increase the number of small business exporters as well as the volume of exports by American small businesses. As Associate Administrator of OIT, Greene oversees the SBA’s programs related to federal and state trade development, international trade and finance, and international affairs and trade policy.</p> <p>Greene brings extensive knowledge in federal government and global affairs to the position, with 30 years of experience in international trade, economic development, fundraising, and protocol.&nbsp; Before her appointment she served as the President of Greene Strategy, a government affairs consulting organization that advises on trade and energy issues.</p> <p>Greene also provided strategic direction as a Senior Advisor at the U.S. Department of Commerce, where she advised on global markets, commercial services, foreign direct investment programs, manufacturing, and industry. Prior to this role, she served as the Director of International Trade Association Affairs at Commerce and was responsible for promoting trade programs and building coalitions for free trade policy. She has also served as the Deputy Assistant Secretary for Intergovernmental Relations at the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). In this role, she was responsible for establishing and maintaining the strategic communications systems between the HUD Secretary and state, local, and regional governments.</p> <p>Greene is a native from Dallas, Texas and has earned a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science from Hollins College.&nbsp;</p>Read More
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